What is dyslexia?

In this video, we’re going to talk about what dyslexia is. This mind map video is based on the Dyslexia Scotland PDF Explanation which you can download here.

dyslexia at a glance


Dyslexia is a learning ‘difference’ – classified as a disability in UK. Dyslexia can affect the way people communicate, and is different for everyone. It is not just about reading and writing and it has nothing to do with intelligence. There is no ‘cure’ but lots of practical things can help overcome some of the barriers it presents. 


It is estimated that 1 in 10 people has dyslexia. Dyslexia exists in all cultures and across the range of abilities and backgrounds. Dyslexia often runs in the family.


Difficulties associated with Dyslexia:

  • Writing
  • Reading
  • Remembering names, numbers, details, sequences and instructions
  • Time keeping
  • Organising

Strenghts associated with Dyslexia:

  • Very creative
  • Good at practical tasks
  • Strong visual thinker and learner
  • Good verbal skills and social interaction
  • Excellent in problem solving skills and seeing the big picture


It is important to remember that everyone with dyslexia is different and that they will not necessarily experience all of the things above. Everyone has different strengths, difficulties and strategies that work for them.

The definition of Dyslexia according to the Scottish Government

“Dyslexia can be described as a continuum of difficulties in learning to read, write and/or spell, which persist despite the provision of appropriate learning opportunities. These difficulties often do not reflect an individual’s cognitive abilities and may not be typical of performance in other areas. The impact of Dyslexia as a barrier to learning varies in degree according to the learning and teaching environment, as there are often associated difficulties”.

The full definition is available on Dyslexia Scotland’s website.

What kind of support can you give your child?

  • Take into account the needs of the persons themselves
  • Ask for their suggestions
  • Peer support
  • Use of mind mapping
  • Use of coloured overlays and coloured paper
  • Assistive Technology for reading, writing and recording of information

This video blog was inspired by the Dyslexia Scotland PDF Explanation which you can download here. They recommend the following information about dyslexia:

Dyslexia: A Beginner’s Guide by Nicola Brunswick

Visit this website: dyslexiascotland.org.uk

Dyslexia and Us: a collection of personal stories by Dyslexia Scotland

Helpline phone number: 0344 800 8484

Here’s the full mind map:

Feel free to Pin it or download it.

resources available

Mind Map: JPEG | PDF | Video

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