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Dyslexia Awareness Month

OCTOBER IS DYSLEXIA AWARENESS MONTH

This video was created in celebration of the Dyslexia Awareness Month. You can use this video to promote it.

DYSLEXIA AWARENESS

October is Dyslexia Awareness Month. Internationally, associations, online groups, teachers, researchers and families are all working to raise awareness of dyslexia.

WORLDWIDE CELEBRATIONS

In the USA, the International Dyslexia Association is marking the event and for the first time the White House has made a statement recognising Dyslexia Awareness Month.

In the UK the British Dyslexia Association is setting a video challenge called the ‘ZYX video challenge’ where you record yourself saying the alphabet backwards and share with your friends as a demonstration of the concentration required.

What’s happening in your local area, your country, your association, your school with your teachers and your local groups?

RAISING AWARENESS

Here’s some ways you can get involved with Dyslexia Awareness Month and help to raise awareness.

You can find more information using hashtags and share on social media using hashtags such as:

#Dyslexia
#UntilEveryoneCanRead
#PositiveDyslexia2017

You can join a group online or in person and share information and experiences.

You have just watched the 10th video for the Hitchhiker's Guide to Dyslexia series. Watch out for the next video to be uploaded in this series.

We hope you learn something useful from everything that is shared this month.

Happy Dyslexia Awareness Month!

Here’s the full mind map:

Feel free to Pin it or download it.

resources available

Mind Map: JPEG | PDF | Video

Want more videos like this? Click here.

 

Welcome!

VIDEOS FOR PARENTS OF DYSLEXIC TEENAGERS

We’re sending 2 new videos weekly on dyslexia + mindmapping. Get email notifications here:

Seeing Dyslexia on an MRI Scanner

SEEING DYSLEXIA ON AN MRI SCANNER

This video focuses on seeing dyslexia on an MRI Scanner. It’s based on a Yale research which looked at whether there was a visible difference in the brains of dyslexics on an MRI scan.

THE DYSLEXIA RESEARCHERS

Drs Bennet and Sally Shaywitz and a team of researchers at Yale scanned 144 children’s brains while the children were reading and took MRI photographs of their brain activity. Half of these children were dyslexic and half non-dyslexic. Their aim was to discover if there was a noticeable difference in brain activity between the two groups and their results were published in the Journal of the Society of Biological Psychiatry in 2002 (the link to the original research is below). They concluded that there was a clear disruption in the neural systems of the dyslexic group.

I’m going to look a bit more at their images and results but please remember that I’m an enthusiastic parent and not a professional or expert in this field. This is a basic overview but I think it’s a valuable insight.

THE MRI TEST

For the study, the researchers selected children who were 10-13 years of age with an average I.Q. and an equal mix of boys and girls. The two groups were as standardised as possible with the only significant difference being that one group was dyslexic.

The children were asked to read whilst inside an MRI scanner and they were asked to read normally, to read new words within a context and then to read made up words. It was this last ‘pseudo word’ test that was most revealing.

The children were given words that feel like real words but they will never have come across before. To be able to read them they need to break down the word to pronounce it (for example ‘tetralemma’ or ‘huggle’).

In scoring their reading results, the dyslexics got an 85 point average whereas the non-dyslexics had a 120 point average. The non-dyslexics performed 40% better when because both groups were I.Q. matched they should have been the same.

MRI SCANS COMAPRISON: DYSLEXIC vs NON-DYSLEXIC

There were significant differences is the scanner images as well.

The scans of the non-dyslexic group showed specific areas of the brain lighting up during this task which indicates brain activity in those areas. The dyslexic brains also showed activity in these areas but their scans did not light up as brightly. This demonstrated a reduction in the amount of brain activity for this particular task in the dyslexic brain.

This was the first quantitative evidence that dyslexic brains work differently to their non-dyslexic counterparts.

This was also apparent in other scan results. In another exercise the dyslexic brains again lit up to a lesser degree than the non-dyslexic brains but the interesting observation here was that the dyslexic brains lit up in others areas that the non-dyslexic brains didn’t, showing the extra effort required for the tasks, and that the dyslexic brains were compensating

THE CONCLUSION

So what were the researchers’ conclusions? They concluded that in the dyslexic brains there was a deficit in the lower level language systems in phonology where they access sounds and structures of words.

They noticed that the dyslexics did have a reduced activity in the left posterior function, a failure in them to some degree and they noticed that the older dyslexic children when reading real, new words in context used additional ancillary functions in the brain in the frontal inferior gyrus as compensation.

The researchers also observed that the reading results were equally as accurate for the many of the older dyslexics than for the non-dyslexics in standard reading but not as automatic so it took more effort. This was seen in the extra areas that lit up in the dyslexic’s brain which again demonstrated that they were compensating.

Hopefully, that all made sense and helped to show that there are real, quantitative differences in the ways that dyslexic brains. Knowing this helps us devise strategies for learning that are better suited to a dyslexic processing system.

Thank you! Goodbye 🙂

You have just watched the 9th video for the Hitchhiker's Guide to Dyslexia series. Watch out for the next video to be uploaded in this series.

Here’s the full mind map:

Feel free to Pin it or download it.

resources available

Mind Map: JPEG | PDF | Video

Want more videos like this? Click here.

Related Articles:

Pete Buchan #39

A Multi-awarded Dentist who was reluctant to take the dyslexia assessment test shares his pre and post-test experience. Dyslexia Explored #39 Facebook Youtube Instagram Pete the dentist Listen to the talk while on the go from your favorite podcast app or click here to listen to this episode from iTunes. Don’t forget to leave reviews while your

Read More »

Caron Trout #38

How parents new to dyslexia deal with information overwhelm and the shock of discovering under resourced teachers Dyslexia Explored #38 Facebook Youtube Instagram Caron trout Listen to the talk while on the go from your favorite podcast app or click here to listen to this episode from iTunes. Don’t forget to leave reviews while your at it.

Read More »

William Stone part 2 #37

Study Strategies of a Dyslexic who just finished his Masters degree from Oxford Dyslexia Explored #37 Facebook Youtube Instagram William Stone Listen to the talk while on the go from your favorite podcast app or click here to listen to this episode from iTunes. Don’t forget to leave reviews while your at it. His dyslexia assessor advised

Read More »
 

Welcome!

VIDEOS FOR PARENTS OF DYSLEXIC TEENAGERS

We’re sending 2 new videos weekly on dyslexia + mindmapping. Get email notifications here:

Dyslexia: 130 Years Ago

DYSLEXIA: 130 YEARS AGO

Hello! Today we’re going to look at when dyslexia was first mentioned 130 years ago.

DR. RUDOLF BERLIN AND THE EYE TEST

It was opthamologist and doctor, Rudolf Berlin, who first used the word dyslexia in 1887. He noticed that people were coming to him for eye tests because they couldn’t read very well. He observed that that there was no problem with their eyesight but agreed that they had challenges with their reading. He termed this dyslexia.

DR. W PRINGLE MORGAN AND THE BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL

In 1896, a case study of dyslexia appeared in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) in an article written Dr. W Pringle Morgan. This was the first mention of dyslexia in such an esteemed publication.

PERCY

Dr Morgan wrote about one of his patients, Percy, and documented his learning challenges. He described Percy as a very intelligent boy, who was in no way inferior to other boys his age but he was unable to learn how to read.

Percy’s teacher said that he ‘would be the smartest lad in the class’ if instructions were given entirely verbally. This has remained a familiar pattern for dyslexics ever since.

TREATMENT

At the time, the prescribed treatment was eye training and this regime persisted until the the 1920s. Fortunately treatment options have changed significantly since then.

SOURCES

  • Dr. Kevin Blake
  • Dr. Sally Shaywitz
  • British Dyslexia Association
  • Rudolf Berlin Center.
You have just watched the 9th video for the Hitchhiker's Guide to Dyslexia series. Watch out for the next video to be uploaded in this series.

I hope you enjoyed this video and watch many more.

Thank you! Goodbye 🙂

Here’s the full mind map:

Feel free to Pin it or download it.

resources available

Mind Map: JPEG | PDF | Video

Want more videos like this? Click here.

Related Articles:

Pete Buchan #39

A Multi-awarded Dentist who was reluctant to take the dyslexia assessment test shares his pre and post-test experience. Dyslexia Explored #39 Facebook Youtube Instagram Pete the dentist Listen to the talk while on the go from your favorite podcast app or click here to listen to this episode from iTunes. Don’t forget to leave reviews while your

Read More »

Caron Trout #38

How parents new to dyslexia deal with information overwhelm and the shock of discovering under resourced teachers Dyslexia Explored #38 Facebook Youtube Instagram Caron trout Listen to the talk while on the go from your favorite podcast app or click here to listen to this episode from iTunes. Don’t forget to leave reviews while your at it.

Read More »

William Stone part 2 #37

Study Strategies of a Dyslexic who just finished his Masters degree from Oxford Dyslexia Explored #37 Facebook Youtube Instagram William Stone Listen to the talk while on the go from your favorite podcast app or click here to listen to this episode from iTunes. Don’t forget to leave reviews while your at it. His dyslexia assessor advised

Read More »
 

Welcome!

VIDEOS FOR PARENTS OF DYSLEXIC TEENAGERS

We’re sending 2 new videos weekly on dyslexia + mindmapping. Get email notifications here: